Near-Infrared Spectroscopic Analysis─Formation of Ca(OH)2 and Ca(OD)2 by Hydration of CaO with H2O and D2O


Masato Takeuchi, Tadateru Kikuchi, Atsushi Kondo, Ryo Kurosawa, Junichi Ryu, Masaya Matsuoka, J. Phys. Chem. C, 127, 6406-6413 (2023).

The dehydration behavior of Ca(OH)2 was analyzed using near-infrared (NIR) and mid-infrared spectroscopy, with typical absorption bands attributed to the surface and interlayer hydroxyl groups of Ca(OH)2 being observed at 7260 and 7083 cm–1 in the NIR region, respectively. The dehydration reaction of Ca(OH)2 proceeded at approximately 470 °C, resulting in the disappearance of the interlayer hydroxyls of Ca(OH)2 and the formation of isolated hydroxyls of the CaO surface (7231 cm–1). The hydration behavior of CaO with H2O was also investigated using NIR spectroscopy, revealing that upon contact with H2O vapor at 50 °C [relative humidity (RH), 55%], CaO was immediately hydrated to form the interlayer hydroxyls of Ca(OH)2 after several minutes. Furthermore, since the difference between Ca(OH)2 and Ca(OD)2 could not be distinguished by X-ray diffraction measurements, the hydration behavior of CaO upon exposure to D2O vapor at room temperature was examined using NIR spectroscopy. This revealed the NIR absorption bands at 5357 and 5259 cm–1, corresponding to the surface and interlayer OD groups of Ca(OD)2, respectively. However, it should be noted that since the dehydration of Ca(OH)2 and the hydration of CaO were evaluated under atmospheric conditions, the formation of CaCO3 due to CO2 adsorption on the CaO surface could not be disregarded.